WHAT IS AN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER?
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are defined by developmental delays characterized by difficulty with social interactions, verbal and non-verbal communication, and repetitive or restricted play.
With the DSM 5 changes, Autism Spectrum Disorders will have 3 levels that differentiate a child on the spectrum according to his/her needs for care and support. Each child on the Spectrum is different.
HOW DO I KNOW IF I SHOULD GET MY CHILD AN EVALUATION?
- Avoiding eye contact
- Delayed speech and communication
- Repetitive behavior (rocking or spinning)
- Restricted interests
- Limited non-verbal gestures (pointing)
- Repetitive speech
- A lack of pretend play
- No interactive play
WHAT CAN I EXPECT (AS A PARENT) DURING THE EVALUATION?
Parents will attend a 1 hour intake session that will provide the doctor with all relevant past and current information. During the evaluation, parents will fill out several surveys to report history and present information about your child. It may be helpful to bring snacks for your child. You may have more than one testing appointment for your child depending on your child’s age. You will also participate in a structured interview with your doctor to discuss in more detail information concerning your child.
WHAT CAN MY CHILD EXPECT?
During an evaluation, your child will be given a cognitive test that includes questions and tasks to complete. In addition, he/she will participate in an interactional, play-based assessment with a doctor. Also, if your child is old enough, he/she will complete self-report surveys. The process of testing may take up to 8 hours.
Instruments or measures utilized by Legacy include:
- Bayley Scales of Infant Development Third Edition (Bayley -III)
- Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence Fourth Edition (WPPSI-IV)
- Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Fifth Edition (WISC-V)
- Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV)
- Universal Nonverbal Intelligence Test (Unit-2)
- Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Second Edition (ADOS-2)
- Autism Diagnostic Interview Revised (ADI-R)
- Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale Second Edition (Vineland-II)
- Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ)
- Social Responsiveness Scale Second Edition (SRS-2)
- NEPSY-II social perception subtests
- Asperger Syndrome Diagnostic Scale (ASDS)
- Pervasive Developmental Disorders Screening Test-II (PDDST-II)
- Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS)